Hearing loss in children
Hearing and speech are two essential tools for every child. They are crucial tools for playing, learning, and developing social skills. The way child learn is that her or she tries to imitate sounds their ear hears.
So, if kids eventually have a loss of hearing that is not detected or treated, they may miss a lot of the speech as well as language around them. This can also delay their speech and language development, academic difficulties, and social problems.
Two out of every 100 children under 18 years of age may be affected by different degrees of hearing loss.
Fortunately, there are only a few cases of hearing loss that can’t be assisted with the use of modern technology. However, early intervention is considered the most effective treatment.
Performing early diagnosis or hearing aid fitting early, including starting special education programs early, can help the child maximize their hearing. It will also create the best chance for a child’s successful speech and language development.
In some cases, children with hearing loss do not lose it permanently. It may be caused by an infection of the child’s middle ear or earwax.
However, surgery or medical treatment can assist many children with temporary hearing losses to restore their hearing.
It may be caused by an infection of the child’s middle ear or earwax. However, surgery or medical treatment can assist many children with temporary hearing losses to restore their hearing.
In most cases, some children may have nerve deafness (sensorineural hearing loss), which is permanent. However, a three months old child can also receive a hearing aid.
Types of Hearing loss in Children
In children, hearing loss occurs in two primary categories. They are congenital (at birth) as well as acquired (occurs after birth).
However, these hearing losses may also be conductive, mixed, or sensorineural.
Congenital hearing losses: Possible causes
History of hearing loss in the family
Infections that may occur during pregnancy such as toxoplasmosis, German measles, and cytomegalovirus.
Medications that were used during pregnancy (e.g., ototoxic drugs)
Complications during childbirth (severe infection during birth like herpes, toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus, or rubella.
Disorder of the nervous system or brain
Genetic syndrome such as Down’s as well as Waldenburg's syndromes.
Acquired hearing losses: Possible causes
Infection of the middle ear left untreated
Infections such as mumps, meningitis, whooping cough, as well as measles
Diseases such as Meniere's or otosclerosis
Severe head injury